Centre for Culture, Media & Governance, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi (CCMG, henceforth) in collaboration with Academic Staff College, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi conducts and organizes every year the University Grants Commission Refresher Course on Media Studies, Culture and Governance for the in-service faculty across the country. The first such RC was organized in February 2013.
The 2nd Refresher Course 2014 on Media Studies and Governance started on 14th January and will continue till 4th February, 2014.
Day 8/ 23 January 2014
As per the RC programme, Dr. Satyajit Singh, Associate Professor of Political Science at University of Delhi, delivered a lecture on “Governance as a Concern and Field”. Dr. Mahesh Uppal, the next speaker, gave a talk on “Differentiation Regulation and Policy”. Then, Dr. Sanjay Mishra who is Director of Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia, New Delhi, spoke on “Preparing Online Material”.
1st Lecture : Governance as a Concern and Field
Dr. Satyajit Singh, Associate Professor of Political Science at University of Delhi, delivered a lecture on “Governance as a Concern and Field”. He spoke on governance as a way of strengthening and transforming people’s lives. Governance is not all about efficiency but participation and democratization too. The questions of administration, State and people’s role in it, like the role of citizens and the role of planning commission, also part of the notion of Governance. There are good and bad institutions. There is separation of powers, having legislature, executive, judiciary and police functioning separately and interdependently both.
It is important to understand the aspects of governance by looking at the aspects of institution as agency. Social and political processes are not the aspects of institutions, but it has power within itself. The Right to Information is an institution that gives power to citizens over government, the Seventy Third Amendment of the Indian Constitution was revolutionary the terms of self-governance, it gave power to local population. Likewise, reservation or affirmative action as an institution can have power and are agents of change. This has also led to a greater legitimacy of the State.
How does the state implement certain policy? The notion of governance of governance has emerged in form of meta-governance. It amounts to have regular bodies of planning and implementation along with regulatory or instructor institutions like, say for example, Delhi Commission for Women. These are new kind of structures with accountability. Instead of craving for centralization, new kind of lever has emerged that focuses on consumer courts, citizen participation, soft law in place of creating a Weberian state. Instead of penalizing for non- performance we create such condition to enhance their capacity and self-regulation, we empower them, strengthen them in the form of governance of governance. Then we might have a State with greater efficiency and accountability.
2nd Lecture : Differentiation Regulation and Policy
Dr. Mahesh Uppal, the next speaker, is the Director of Com First (India) Pvt. Ltd, an organization that works on communication policy. He gave a talk on “Differentiation Regulation and Policy”. The role of a regulator is to reach goal with a mix of interventions. Regulations act as a stimulation in terms of large utilities. The job of government is to make policies and of private organizations to provide services. Regulators are somewhere in between. So far as policies are concerned, they are framed by the government and are political in orientation and goals are often found beyond the sector whereas regulations are made by the professionals and experts and the considerations are sector-specific.
For example, Department of Telecommunication (DoT) is the policy-making body of government of India on telecommunication and Telecommunication Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) is the regulatory body. One should not consider regulations as ‘barrier’; rather it is a fine-tuning of the market, so as to provide equal space and opportunity for all the elements of market grow. Further, it also draws lines on issues like licensing, fee structure, investment, choice of technology, competition, foreign ownership, rules for rollout, equipments. At present wireless spectrum, data, internet, broadband and rural communication are the future concern of regulation and policy framing.
3rd Lecture : Preparing Online Material
Dr. Sanjay Mishra who is Director of Commonwealth Educational Media Centre for Asia, New Delhi, discussed the scope of preparing online material. The use of technology can save time. Further, it can also expand the reach of audiences. The e-learning or online learning can make the understanding of any subject more profound and deep. The online access provides an opportunity that is full of convenience and variety of interface. It is easy and is of interactive multimedia capabilities. It has also increased the learner’s control through hypertexts. Now there are electronic mails, discussion groups, mailing lists, chats, blogs, micro blogs, wikis, social networking sites, bookmarks, etc. providing the facilities of online learning. There are also online sources, providing free access to coursewares and research materials, like open educational resources and open access materials. The Creative Common and Massive Open Online Courses are facilitating opportunities for free and open access to large volume of educational materials to large number of users.